Resting Metabolism and Metabolic Responses to Solid and Liquid Meals in Sedentary and Exercising College-age Males

Resting Metabolism and Metabolic Responses to Solid and Liquid Meals in Sedentary and Exercising College-age Males

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Differences in resting metabolic rate (RMR) were measured in a total of 29 sedentary and exercising college-age males, as were their metabolic responses (diet-induced thermogenesis, DIT) to solid and liquid meals. Subject classification was based on habitual exercise. A group of 9 males was classified as sedentary, 11 males were classified as endurance (aerobic) exercisers, and 9 males were classified as weight lifters (resistance exercise). Resting metabolism was measured soon after waking; DIT for each meal was measured immediately following meal consumption, and then every 30 minutes for 3 hours. RMR and DIT were measured via indirect calorimetry, height was determined via stadiometer, and all body composition measurements were done with bioelectrical impedance. No significant differences existed between groups for age, body mass index (BMI), percent body fat, fat-free mass (ffm), percent ffm, and hydration. Moreover, no significant differences existed in DIT based on meal form (Eta2 = 0.049, F = 1.336, p = 0.258). However, there was a significant overall metabolic increase based on group (Eta 2 = 0.271, F = 4.844, p = 0.016). Specifically, both exercise groups had a significantly (pEffects of resistance vs. aerobic training combined with an 800 calorie liquid diet on lean body mass and resting metabolic rate. ... Kasai M, Nosaka N, Maki H, Suzuki Y, Takeuchi H, Aoyama T, Ohra A, Harada Y, Okazaki M, Kondo K. 2002.


Title:Resting Metabolism and Metabolic Responses to Solid and Liquid Meals in Sedentary and Exercising College-age Males
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Publisher:ProQuest - 2008
ISBN-13:

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